Tag Archives: War on Drugs

Drivers Don’t Have to Be Impaired To be Convicted of DUI in 12 States and Pay Hefty Fines

DUI CONVICTION DOESN'T REQUIRE IMPAIRMENT

DUI / DWI laws were passed to criminalize the behavior of driving while under the “influence” of certain substances. This terminology seems to imply that it is directed toward a driver of a vehicle being currently under the influence of a substance that might intoxicate or otherwise impair judgment.

I’m not a genius or anything, but I do think that a different, separate charge would be more appropriate for people who are not currently being mentally impaired or influenced by an intoxicating substance, but, instead, were influenced or impaired by an intoxicating substance illegally at some time in the past.

After all, if you are not mentally impaired and your judgment is not currently altered at the time when you are driving then how can you be charged with driving while under the influence?

Having imbibed an illegal substance at some point in the past isn’t the same thing as being currently mentally impaired by it while concurrently driving an automobile.

Arizona drivers are going to jail, paying big fines and losing their licenses even after blood tests prove they were not high.

EJ Montini  March 11, 2013

What if you could get a DUI for having had a few drinks two weeks ago?

Crazy, right?

Except it’s happening. Not with alcohol, but with marijuana.

Drivers from Arizona and at least nine other states, including Utah, Iowa, Indiana, Delaware and Rhode Island, are going to jail, paying big fines and losing their licenses after having gotten driving-under-the-influence citations when blood tests prove they were not high.

“It makes no sense,” says attorney Michael Alarid III, who is representing a man charged in Arizona. “But this is how prosecutors and the courts are interpreting the law. And the legislature doesn’t appear to want to change it. So we’re hoping we can get the issue before the state Supreme Court.”

How could a person who is not high get busted for DUI? It happens when science meets politics.

Blood tests can detect two important chemical compounds that come from marijuana. One of them, THC, makes a person high and lasts for hours. The other inactive chemical, created as your body neutralizes THC, can linger in a person’s system for up to a month.

In Arizona, state law says if you have either of these compounds in your blood, you are guilty of a DUI.

“As things stand,” Alarid says, “a person from Arizona could go on a snowboarding trip to Colorado or Washington state, where marijuana is legal for recreational use, and then a month later he could be driving in Arizona, get stopped and be convicted of DUI.”

Not long ago, the state Court of Appeals upheld Arizona’s law, which says if any “metabolite” of a drug like marijuana is found in a person’s blood he is guilty of DUI.

Alarid got a lower court to dismiss the original charges against his client after it was shown that the marijuana chemicals found in his client’s blood were inactive. The Court of Appeals overturned it. In its ruling in Arizona v. Shilgevorkyan,the court says, “We determined that the legislative ban extends to all substances, whether capable of causing impairment or not.”

Apparently, there is no statute in Arizona outlawing impaired logic. Not in Michigan or Illinois, either, where even the state Supreme Courts have upheld DUI convictions of people not under the influence of anything.

In Arizona, the case is being prosecuted by the Maricopa County Attorney’s office. I asked County Attorney Bill Montgomery whether he believed it was appropriate to convict people for DUI when the only marijuana metabolite in their blood did not cause impairment.

He responded, “The Court of Appeals decision is unremarkable in light of consistent case law on the issue of proscribing driving with a prohibited drug or its metabolite in a driver’s system.”

Because that didn’t answer my question I tried again, asking whether Montgomery would favor amending state law to differentiate between metabolites that cause impairment and those that do not.

He responded, “No. We do not want to create an incentive to ‘game’ how long it takes for any given metabolite to leave a driver’s system. Nice try, Ed.”

It isn’t a game. It’s chemistry.

Some states at least try to acknowledge the science. In Washington state, for example, a person is considered impaired if a blood test shows 5.0 nanograms of marijuana’s active ingredient. That level has been compared to a .08 limit for alcohol.

“An alcohol DUI in Arizona gets your license suspended for 90 days,” Alarid says. “After 30 days, you can drive to work and school. On the other hand, a drug-related DUI, like marijuana, gets you the same fines and jail time but revokes your license for a year. That means a person who wasn’t impaired could be punished more harshly than someone who was.”

Alarid is hoping the Arizona Supreme Court will take his case.

“In addition to the fairness issue, this doesn’t seem right in a state where citizens passed a medical marijuana law,” Alarid says. “It really puts an unfair burden on those patients.”

The risk of getting busted for a DUI charge when they are not impaired might cause some medical marijuana patients not to use the drug, no matter how much it helps them.

Of course, it’s probably just a coincidence that the politicians who could revise the DUI statute hate the medical marijuana law. As does the county attorney.

Coincidence. Yeah, that must be it.

EJ Montini is a columnist for The Arizona Republic. The column originally appeared in The Republic.

http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2013/03/11/dui-drivers-marijuana/1979905/

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The Top Five Special Interest Groups Getting Rich From Pot Arrests and Lobbying To Keep Marijuana Illegal

should marijuana be punished with jail time not according to the vast majority
POSTED AT 9:04 AM BY 
Last year, over 850,000 people in America were arrested for marijuana-related crimes. Despite public opinion, the medical community, and human rights experts all moving in favor of relaxing marijuana prohibition laws, little has changed in terms of policy.

There have been many great books and articles detailing the history of the drug war. Part of America’s fixation with keeping the leafy green plant illegal is rooted in cultural and political clashes from the past.

However, we at Republic Report think it’s worth showing that there are entrenched interest groups that are spending large sums of money to keep our broken drug laws on the books:

1.) Police Unions: Police departments across the country have become dependent on federal drug war grants to finance their budget. In March, we published a story revealing that a police union lobbyist in California coordinated the effort to defeat Prop 19, a ballot measure in 2010 to legalize marijuana, while helping his police department clients collect tens of millions in federal marijuana-eradication grants. And it’s not just in California. Federal lobbying disclosures show that other police union lobbyists have pushed for stiffer penalties for marijuana-related crimes nationwide.

2.) Private Prisons Corporations: Private prison corporations make millions by incarcerating people who have been imprisoned for drug crimes, including marijuana. As Republic Report’s Matt Stoller noted last year, Corrections Corporation of America, one of the largest for-profit prison companies, revealed in a regulatory filing that continuing the drug war is part in parcel to their business strategy. Prison companies have spent millions bankrolling pro-drug war politicians and have used secretive front groups, like the American Legislative Exchange Council, topass harsh sentencing requirements for drug crimes.

should marijuana be punished with jail time not according to the vast majority

3.) Alcohol and Beer Companies: Fearing competition for the dollars Americans spend on leisure, alcohol and tobacco interests have lobbied to keep marijuana out of reach. For instance, the California Beer & Beverage Distributors contributed campaign contributions to a committee set up to prevent marijuana from being legalized and taxed.

4.) Pharmaceutical Corporations: Like the sin industries listed above, pharmaceutical interests would like to keep marijuana illegal so American don’t have the option of cheap medical alternatives to their products. Howard Wooldridge, a retired police officer who now lobbies the government to relax marijuana prohibition laws, told Republic Report that next to police unions, the “second biggest opponent on Capitol Hill is big PhRMA” because marijuana can replace “everything from Advil to Vicodin and other expensive pills.”

5.) Prison Guard Unions: Prison guard unions have a vested interest in keeping people behind bars just like for-profit prison companies. In 2008, the California Correctional Peace Officers Association spent a whopping $1 million to defeat a measure that would have “reduced sentences and parole times for nonviolent drug offenders while emphasizing drug treatment over prison.”

RELATED: Why Can’t You Smoke Pot? Because Lobbyists Are Getting Rich Off of the War on Drugs

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Naturally Heal Cancer and Promote Health | Soursop Leaves and Fruit

thunder god plant destroys cancer in 40

Many plants including soursop leaves and fruit have been proven to reduce or eliminate cancer. The sad fact is, that the ones with money have no interests in promoting something they can’t patent and profit from (like all of the MANY healing herbs and plants that can be grown in our own back yards) and no one else has the clout, credibility (public perception) and money to mass promote this concept that quickly and efficiently. In fact, negative public opinion campaigning has led to the opinion that many curative plants are either a fraud or actually destructive to human health.

I, for one, believe that marijuana has become so looked down upon in public opinion. How else would a plant that grows anywhere, heals cancer, has numerous health benefits and very very few risks actually become illegal and despised by the majority of citizens as a personally destructive and socially devastating plant? Especially when we pay our military to guard poppy fields in other countries to protect the production of illegal drugs? And the leading cause of death in the United States in the American medial system itself??? Did you know that nearly 200,000 deaths a year are caused from prescribed medication taken as prescribed? We’ve all been victims of this media fraud.

That’s OK  though, because these days we can all share information on the internet and this relatively new development will allow anyone who wants to pursue it to explore all manner of natural healing alternatives.

 

Naturally Heal Cancer and Promote Health | Soursop Leaves and Fruit

Written by Varien Moos on .

It is a plant that grows in tropical areas in Central America and South America, especially in the Amazon. It is also known as soursop, Guanábano, Catuche, Catoche, Anona Mexico, Graviola, Anona India, Mole. The fruit is very delicate dark green covered with soft spines. Is relatively large and very thin shell. Should be harvested before they mature. The flesh is white, creamy, meaty, juicy and slightly acidic, measuring 2-3 cm long, can weigh 2.5 kg.

All plant parts are used in natural medicine, including bark, leaves, roots and fruits, but the part that contains the greatest concentration of active ingredient is the leaf, where the Annonaceae acetogenins, which have been widely studied from the 1940 that came into use as an insecticide, leading to surprise scientists for its broad power, without causing any harmful effects in animals and man, so they agreed to fund research where, each day discovering new properties, which, as a result of scientific zeal and vested interests, remained in custody for over 20 years. Globalization and parallel studies in Japan and China, they found the light, the wonders of this generous plant.

Soursop leaf and bark (Powder), cure diabetes by regulating blood sugar, which shows its high effectiveness in endocrine commitments: liver, kidney, thyroid, pancreas, ovary, prostate, intestines, muscle relaxant smooth (heart), gall bladder, appendix and fights lung cancer or Lewis, breast cancer and brain tumors, hypotensive, anti-spasmodic, vasodilator, eliminates dust mites that cause asthma and bronchial diseases. The leaf tea cure liver problems, improves the function of the pancreas. It is effective to deworm children, malaria cure, indicated to raise the defenses in patients with chemotherapy and also for people with HIV (AIDS).

The fruit has been used as an antiparasitic, antipyretic (reduces fever) and astringent in diarrhea. The stems, leaves and roots are considered sedative, hypotensive (blood pressure lowering), antispasmodic and anti-diabetic. The leaves are used as a tea against catarrh (inflammation of mucous membranes). The ground seeds are used by Andean tribes against intestinal parasites.

In recent years, the extract of guava has become widely acclaimed for having highly potent properties to fight cancer. Since March 2003, e-mails circulating on the Internet stating that the soursop tea cures cancer.

Acetogenins of Annonaceae are waxy substances resulting from the combination of long chain fatty acids (C32 or C34) with a unit of 2-propanol at carbon 2 to form a lactone terminal (such lactone is at the beginning of the chain) .

The acetogenins derived from long chain fatty acids have direct action on mitochondria, ATP, Reticular Apparatus of Goldi and plasma membranes and cell selectively destroying cancer cells without harming healthy cells and tissues also contain Bullatacin, Beta-sitosterol , sitosterol, campesterol, myristic acid, stearic acid, stigmasterol, Amino Acids, Vitamins and Minerals that act on Enzymatic and Molecular.

It is the best alternative when you can not resort to surgery or therapy or Radium Cobalt therapy or when you have to stop chemotherapy for their action and atrogenica (side effects) on the liver and kidneys. There is no conflict and contrary complements very well with any treatment that this subject the patient to improve the quality. They have absolutely no side effects or intolerance or allergic reactions.

The soursop is the most powerful anti-cancer plant on the planet, used for over 40 years in the U.S., Europe and Asia.

Studies and findings

In 1976, Dr. Jerry McLaughlin at Purdue University discovered the ANONACEA GRAVIOLA acetogenins, powerful Anti-Cancer. Continued this research at the National Institute of Cancer proving its effectiveness in cancer colon and prostate. The National Health Center use to other cancers (gastric, kidney and breast). The Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea conducted comparative studies with adriamycin (chemotherapy) in the treatment of lung cancer.

Soursop

Studies from 1998 to 2000 by McLaughlin and Chih HW, Chui HF have shown that acetogenins are inhibores of complex I of oxidative phosphorylation chain thereby block the formation of ATP energy needed by the cancer cell to operate your pump P-glycoprotein mediated, allowing you to stay active. The acetogenins also inhibit the ubiquinone-ubiquinone oxidase, NADH-dependent enzyme that is peculiar to the plasma membrane of the cancer cell. McLaughlin did his research and Bullatacinone Bullatacin acetogenins.

A study from Purdue University in California, showed that acetogenins can selectively inhibit the growth of cancer cells and also inhibit the growth of tumor cells resistant to adriamycin (chemotherapeutic drug). In another study conducted by scientists at the University, it was shown that acetogenins soursop (graviola) are extremely powerful having an ED 50 (lethal dose 50) of up to 10 to 9 micrograms per milliliter, resulting have 10,000 times the potency of adriamycin .

There are several studies on anonacina, the compound of the soursop that have anticancer effects. However, those studies were only performed in vitro or in vivo in animals, there being still no clinical studies in humans. One reason cited for the lack of human clinical studies is the fact that you can not patent a plant, leading to the laboratories that sponsor research studies to focus on active ingredients, Annonaceae acetogenins, instead of the plant .

Studies were made of soursop compared to the effect with adriamycin (known chemoteherapeutic). It was found that is 10000 times more potent, and kills cancer cells without harming healthy cells as occurs with chemotherapy, which also causes nausea, weight loss and hair, protects and elevates the immune system.

Perhaps one of the most important discoveries related to cancer is that of the parasites. All cancer patients are infected with parasites. Parasites (the same that give our dogs and cats) create both toxic inside the body, with their droppings and urine, the body simply does not fit any defense against cancer and succumbed to the attack of proteases making cancer cells.

Scientific studies have shown that guava contains a class of compounds known as bioactive acetogenins of Annonaceae, which have only been found in this plant and some other of that family, being its main source leaf. Research shows that the main effects are those mentioned above and also have properties, anticonvulsant, antimicrobial and anticancer.

Recommended Uses

  • Antitumor
  • Anticarcinogenic
  • Antispasmodic
  • Sedative
  • Fight Asthma
  • and combating hypertension.
  • Combat Diabetes
  • Corrects liver disorders

Chemical compositions of the Guanábana

Chemical composition and nutritional value of fruit (100 grams of fresh fruit of the edible part)

  • Humidity 80.6%
  • 1.63% fiber
  • 0.73% ash
  • 0.31% fat
  • 1.22% protein
  • 1.62% starch
  • 0.021% Vitamin C
  • Sugars (Gluc., FRUCT.) 15.63%
  • 45.8 mg potassium
  • 23mg Sodium
  • 23.9 mg Magnesium
  • Phosphorus 26.0 mg
  • Iron 47mg
  • Citrulline (protein) (10)
  • Arginine (amino acid) (10)
  • Caproic acid (lipid) (10)
  • Anonaine (isoquinoline) (10)
  • Anoniine (isoquinoline) (10)
  • Asimilobine (isoquinoline) (10)

Chemical components of the leaf

Soursop

Lactones

  • Annohexocina
  • Annomuricina A, B, C and E
  • Annomutacina
  • Annopentocinas A, B and C
  • Muricoreacina
  • Gigantetronemina
  • Murihexocina A and C
  • Javoricina

Isoquinolines

  • Anonaine
  • Anoniine
  • Atherospermine
  • Coreximine

Lipids

  • Gentisic acid
  • Lignoceric acid
  • CLA
  • Stearic acid

Chemical components of the seed

  • Lactones
  • Annomonicina
  • Annomontacina
  • Annonacina
  • Annomuricatina
  • Annonacinona
  • Javoricina

It also contains:

  • Annomuricatina (protein)
  • Linoleic acid (lipid)
  • Bullatacin
  • Bullatacinone
  • Muricoreacin
  • Murihexocin C
  • Annomuricin A
  • Annomuricin B
  • Muricatocin A
  • Muricatocin C
  • Muricapentocin

Medicinal properties of soursop according to their origin

Anticarcinogenic: Leaves and shoots
Antibacterial: Bark
Antiparasitic: Seeds and bark
Ulcer: Bark
Galactogogue: Fruit
Antispasmodic: Leaves
Sedative: Leaves
Malaria: Leaves
Antidiabetic: Leaves
Vasodilator: Leaves
Pectoral: Flowers
Amebicide: Bark
Disinfectant: Bark and leaves
Insecticide: Leaves and root

Properties Guanábana

Its properties of action is antibacterial, anticancer, antiparasitic, antitumor, antispasmodic, stomachic, astringent, cytotoxic, febrifuge, hypotensive, insecticide, pesticide, sedative, vasodilator, vermifuge.

Graviola

Antitumor effect by the active or inactive against cells of tumor origin (not having capacity of these cells die and go crowd forming stones or tumors) acts to decrease gradually until they disappear calcification, which takes time to go each of our systems, improving and purifying. In the case of kidney tumor or calcifications in the liver, pancreas, lungs, brain or kidneys the dose increases from 5 to 7 grams daily, and their intake should be longer than six months.

Antirheumatic, antiarthritic, has an immediate effect on joint pain and degeneration of these (Osteoarthritis). Especially for those who receive treatment.

Antidiabetic, by its powerful action in the blood helps to eliminate excess glucose. Works to normalize the juice and pancreatic enzymes. If you take insulin, should be consumed 1 or 2 seeds, peeled and crushed fruit (guava) fasting for seven days.

For ovarian colic, soursop tea (graviolas), let cool and strain before drinking, repeated after two hours.

Anti-inflammatory, endocrine and liver, because of his extensive power-inflammatory and / or released by the blood, is excellent for the endocrine system, normalizing hormone production in the different glands of our body, whether in the nervous system, immunological and player (ovaries and prostate) in the liver, kidneys, stomach, gastritis and ulcers fights.

Contains folic acid, which makes it excellent for women who wish to become pregnant (normal production of DNA), avoiding infections that complicate the development of the fetus.

Sedative, to recover the heart muscle after a heart attack and combat hypertension and cardiovascular problems. It has calming effect at night, getting a good nights sleep. No sleepy during the day.

Antidiarrheal, by its potent insecticide eliminates bacteria that cause diarrhea, is more effective than an antibiotic and works without damaging the intestinal flora, being 100% natural. Bark and leaf together have fungicidal properties, antifungal eliminates certain fungi that produce erythema (herpes, psoriasis).

Skin: Psoriasis, lupus (with Flax and Nettle Black), seborrhea, in regulating the endocrine system, also controls our glands fluids making them work if they are blocked and regulating them if they occur in excess, such as psoriasis.

Antiparasitic, insecticidal action by their powerful help to eliminate parasites, especially in children, dissolve one capsule before meals for 7 days.

Tract, for its soothing action facilitates good digestion, removing excess fat and triglycerides in opulent meal. To aid digestion, it is excellent when we are on chemotherapy.

Colds, soursop tea used for colds, inflammation of mucous membranes and is used to muna or mint tea.

Antihistaminic and antispasmodic in asthma, eliminates the mites that occur in lung cilia.

Sedative power is excellent for the nervous system to contain lithium in microscopic amounts sufficient to exert its sedative power in people irritable, nervous and anxious for its sedative power is anticonvulsant.

Obesity, by preventing the accumulation of body fat makes you lose weight gradually.

Diuretic, helps with the elimination of liquids, liquid acids (which form the colestero l) and helps remove excess uric acid and calcification of the nephrons (kidney cells)

Applications Against Cancer

Soursop

The best way to consume the soursop or graviola is consuming it directly, forget once and for all the pills buy in health food stores, do not fall into those businesses, because the cure of disease and the real power is consumed directly in the healing element in this case is the fruit of the soursop, and preparing the leaves as you would any tea or water time.

If you want to eat the leaves of soursop, try to get the leaves in their natural state, avoid buying products such as tea’s filter, etc.. And we repeat … not acquire “natural products” in the commercial food stores, but not have noticed before, natural products are actually in the markets, there if you can find the elements that nature offers us in its natural state. But in health food stores often these products are altered, and the worst decline in its healing purpose to act in the patient slowly creating a cycle of consumerism and buying the product again, if you want to apply the true look natural medicine health food stores, rather look at the same result, then it is worth complaining about natural medicine when they fail their tasks. It’s time to wake up and open their eyes to the real natural medicine.

– See more at: http://cancer.vg/en/annona-muricata-soursop#sthash.iU0IxVBw.dpuf

http://www.naturalcuresnotmedicine.com/2013/02/cancer-healing-tree.html

http://www.naturalcuresnotmedicine.com/2013/02/the-sour-sop-can-kill-cancer.html

http://cancer.vg/en/annona-muricata-soursop

 

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